AMAC Group brings an integrated and hands-on approach to all projects. With over 25 years of experience in all facets of archaeology and heritage, your project will achieve compliance with every relevant statute and all applicable DA conditions in the minimum possible time.
Our integrated approach ensures that all the compliance issue 'clocks' are running simultaneously and that field works under the relevant Acts are conducted by the same team at the same time.
In Australia, archaeology is often understood as falling into two main categories: 'Historical Archaeology' (also, Non-Aboriginal or European) or 'Aboriginal Archaeology' (also, Indigenous Archaeology or Pre-Historic). AMAC Group's integrated approach means that our team is experienced in the simultaneous management of both Historical and Aboriginal archaeology. Both fields of study and their relevant Acts are explained in detail below along with AMAC Group's services. This page explains how both fields of study are administered in New South Wales and the range of services offered by AMAC Group.
AMAC Group believe that an appreciation of Australian archaeology is important to civic life and that modern re-developments pose a unique opportunity to communicate the history and significance of a place to the people that inhabit it. Excellence in this field is recognised by Marrickville Council with the Marrickville Medal. The medal was awarded to AMAC Group, Otto Cserhalmi and Partners, City Freeholds and Bates Smart in 2014 for the 'Gantry' re-development at Parramatta Road, Camperdown.
New South Wales has many archaeological sites and there is constant development pressure on those limited resources of evidence for our nation’s history. AMAC Group provides statutory advice, historical research, site analysis, significance assessments and excavation services to ensure that the historical archaeology of New South Wales is appropriately managed under the relevant Acts. Historical archaeology is sometimes also referred to as Non-Aboriginal or European Archaeology.
Professional standards for Historical Archaeologists in New South Wales are set out by the Code of Practice and Excavation Director Criteria issued by the NSW Heritage Council. For an in-depth view of AMAC Group’s professional standards and experience, please see our About Us page.
NSW Legislation and Decision-Making
In New South Wales, historical archaeology is protected by the Heritage Act 1977 and the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979. Where projects rely on the State Significant Development or State Significant Infrastructure planning process, the EP&A Act 1989 alters the application of the NSW Heritage Act 1977 but does not nullify it.
The Heritage Act 1977 established the Heritage Council of New South Wales as an independent statutory body to advise the Minister and manage the care and protection of archaeology and heritage places and items. HCNSW are a decision-making body under the Heritage Act and delegates decision-making to Heritage NSW and, in certain cases, Place Management NSW, Sydney Living Museums, Sydney Water and City of Sydney Council.
NSW Heritage Act 1977 and Permits
In New South Wales, the Heritage Act 1977 requires that a person must not excavate any land knowing, or having reasonable cause to suspect, that a relic may be disturbed – unless that disturbance is carried out under a Section 140 Excavation Permit or a Section 139(4) Exception Notification. Or, when an Interim Heritage Order or State Heritage Register listing applies to a place, building, work, relic, moveable object, precinct or land – a person must seek a Section 60 Permit or Section 57(2) Exemption to undertake particular activities, including exposing or damaging a relic.
A relic means any deposit, artefact, object or material evidence that relates to the settlement of the area that comprises New South Wales, not being Aboriginal settlement, and is of State or local heritage significance.