On behalf of GPT RE Ltd, AMAC Group carried out a major archaeological investigation in the heart of Parramatta. Test and full excavation took place between 2018-2020 to investigate the site's Historical Archaeology, Aboriginal Archaeology, geomorphology and palynology.
The remains of two convict era timber buildings were discovered, along with three 1860s terraces and an 1840s house. The yards for those buildings contained wells, cess pits, a stable or shed, a c.1830s rubbish pit and a dog burial. The data from that excavation has now become site records, images and plans of over 3000 recorded archaeological units and over 30,000 artefacts which will contribute to forthcoming site interpretation.
The Final Report for the historical archaeology portion of the project, link below, synthesised the stratigraphic results from test and full salvage excavation. The report is illustrated with multi-phase site plans based on photogrammetry models - a highly accurate and efficient method of site recording. The Research Design includes extensive intra and inter-site analysis of the site’s assemblage matched with archaeological data collected since the 1980s. The artefact assemblage ranges from the 1790s convict period to the late 19th century and advances the ongoing analysis of Parramatta's post-colonial settlement in a testable way. New research and analysis in the final report have made significant advances in the study of convicts, colonial pottery and the huts built for or by convicts.